You want to keep your hair looking good to keep it simple. Barbers usually cut your hair in a way that allows it to look good naturally. The main difference between a barber and a stylist is the fact that a barber can use a straight edge razor to shave his face. Now, the educational part is also important.
While cosmetologists learn a variety of skills during their time at school, Barber's spends more time learning about different techniques for cutting and styling men's hair. Some men prefer to use barbers because barbers specialize in a variety of men's hairstyles and beard designs. Those who want color, highlights, or the latest modern hairstyle are unlikely to get these services at a barber shop. As you mentioned, if you want color or highlights with your haircut, you should go to a stylist instead of a barber.